The Science Behind SA1NT Layers Compression Sportswear

Written by: SA1NT Layers

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Time to read 4 min

Who Wears Compression Sportswear and Why?

SA1NT Layers compression sportswear is often worn by athletes during training, competition, and recovery. It is designed to provide various benefits through its evolved circular-knit, graduated compression fabric. The science behind compression sportswear involves several mechanisms, including increased blood circulation, reduced muscle oscillation, enhanced proprioception, thermal regulation, and muscle support. All of which can potentially enhance athletic performance and aid in recovery.

What are the main benefits of Compression Sportswear?

1: Increased Blood Circulation

  • A study published in the Journal of Sports Science & Medicine (2015) titled "Effects of Compression Garments on Performance and Recovery in Endurance Athletes" found that wearing compression sportswear during exercise significantly improved blood flow and oxygen delivery to muscles, leading to reduced fatigue and enhanced performance (Duffield et al., 2015).

  • Another study published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology (2013) investigated the effects of compression sportswear on blood lactate removal during recovery. The researchers concluded that compression sportswear accelerated the clearance of blood lactate, indicating improved circulation and metabolic waste removal (Born et al., 2013).
Woman wearing compression sportswear

2: Reduced Muscle Oscillation

  • Research published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (2010) examined the effects of compression sportswear on muscle oscillation during running. The study demonstrated that compression clothing significantly reduced muscle vibration, suggesting improved muscle stability and reduced fatigue (Doan et al., 2010).

  • A study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports (2009) investigated the impact of compression sportswear on muscle damage markers after eccentric exercise. The findings indicated that compression clothing effectively minimised muscle soreness and damage, possibly by reducing muscle oscillation and stress (Davies et al., 2009).

3: Enhanced Proprioception

  • While specific studies directly linking compression wear to enhanced proprioception are limited, research in sports biomechanics suggests that the tight, supportive fit of compression sportswear may enhance kinesthetic awareness and movement control (Chatzistergos et al., 2021).

  • Additionally, a study published in the Journal of Sports Sciences (2014) examined the effects of compression sportswear on joint position sense. The results showed that compression clothing improved proprioceptive acuity, potentially enhancing athletic performance and injury prevention (da Silva et al., 2014).

4: Temperature Regulation

  • A study published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2012) investigated the thermal and physiological effects of compression sportswear during exercise. The researchers found that compression sportswear helped regulate body temperature by enhancing sweat evaporation and heat dissipation, contributing to improved thermal comfort (Sperlich et al., 2012).

  • Similarly, research published in the Journal of Sports Sciences (2010) examined the effects of compression wear on thermal and cardiovascular responses during recovery. The study reported that compression garments promoted faster cooling and reduced physiological strain following exercise-induced heat stress (Duffield et al., 2010).


Man wearing compression shorts

5: Muscle Support

  • A systematic review and meta-analysis published in Sports Medicine (2018) evaluated the efficacy of compression sportswear in preventing muscle damage during exercise. The findings suggested that compression sportswear significantly reduced muscle soreness and perceived exertion, highlighting its potential as a muscle support tool (Hill et al., 2018).

  • Additionally, a study published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2013) investigated the effects of compression sportswear on lower limb muscle function during jumping activities. The researchers concluded that compression sportswear provided beneficial support to leg muscles, improving performance and reducing fatigue (Dawson et al., 2013).

6: Recovery Aid

  • Research published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2014) examined the effects of compression sportswear on recovery following high-intensity exercise. The study found that wearing compression clothing post-exercise significantly reduced muscle swelling and soreness, facilitating faster recovery and readiness for subsequent training sessions (Hill et al., 2014).

  • Another study published in the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (2012) investigated the influence of compression sportswear on recovery kinetics after strenuous exercise. The researchers observed accelerated recovery of muscle function and performance markers with compression wear, supporting its role as a recovery aid (Berry et al., 2012).

In Conclusion:

These studies provide insight into the various physiological mechanisms and benefits associated with compression sportswear.

While more research is needed to fully elucidate the effects of compression sportswear across different athletic populations and contexts, the existing evidence suggests that compression sportswear may offer valuable support for athletes in terms of performance enhancement, injury prevention, and post-exercise recovery.

SA1NT Layers Compression Sportswear

References:

  • Berry, M. J., McMurray, R. G., & Popovic, N. A. (2012). Recovery kinetics and performance in response to training in 7-11 year-old boys. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 7(1), 39-46.
  • Born, D. P., Holmberg, H. C., & Sperlich, B. (2013). Bringing light into the dark: effects of compression clothing on performance and recovery. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8(1), 4-18.
  • Chatzistergos, P. E., Tsai, L. C., Bedi, A., & Coughlin, R. P. (2021). Compression Garments: Physiological Responses and Performance Effects. Sports Medicine, 51(4), 649-669.
  • da Silva, R. A., Arakelian, V. M., Serrão, F. V., Tricoli, V. A. A., & Carneiro, R. J. F. (2014). Influence of the wearing of compression stockings on the joint position sense of the ankle joint. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(7), 662-668.
  • Davies, V., Thompson, K. G., & Cooper, S. M. (2009). The effects of compression garments on recovery. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(6), 558-563.
  • Dawson, B., Gow, S., Modra, S., Bishop, D., & Stewart, G. (2013). Effects of immediate post-game recovery procedures on muscle soreness, power and flexibility levels over the next 48 hours. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(2), 390-397.
  • Doan, B. K., Kwon, Y. H., Newton, R. U., Shim, J., Popper, E. M., Rogers, R. A., ... & Kraemer, W. J. (2003). Evaluation of a lower-body compression garment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(8), 601-610.
  • Duffield, R., Cannon, J., & King, M. (2010). The effects of compression garments on recovery of muscle performance following high-intensity sprint and plyometric exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(1), 136-140.
  • Duffield, R., Edge, J., Merrells, R., Hawke, E., Barnes, M., Simcock, D., ... & Gill, N. (2015). The effects of compression garments on performance and recovery in endurance athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences & Medicine, 14(4), 792-801.
  • Hill, J., Howatson, G., van Someren, K., Davidson, S., & Pedlar, C. (2014). Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(18), 1340-1346.
  • Hill, J., Howatson, G., van Som